Brief Information On Developing Pre-Reading Strategies

The pre-reading strategies are the foundation of any good reading program. It is essential to have a pre-reading strategy because it will help students become more successful in their future academic careers. Whether you are teaching pre-readers, primary readers, or secondary readers, there is a pre-reading strategy for you and your students to use.

How to determine which students require pre-reading strategies?

There are generally two pre-reading strategies a teacher should use:

Find out what the text is about, such as understanding prepositions or story grammar.

Prepare for comprehension of content in reading material by summarizing, predicting, and visualizing.

Questioning students on pre-reading strategy helps determine which pre-reading strategy is best suited for that student.

How to implement pre-reading strategies?

One of the pre reading strategies is summarizing, then ask students to summarize what they are reading and note any important details or questions on their summaries. If you think your student may have trouble with this pre-reading strategy, provide a guide sheet of pre-written resumes.

Ask students to predict what might happen next in a story and why they are making those predictions.

To use visualizing pre-reading strategies, tell your student to imagine themselves as one of the characters or asking them to draw pictures about an event before reading it for comprehension.

A written summary is an easy way to help students stay on track when they have read articles or chapters of material that you know may be difficult for them.